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DSRC – Technology for Safer Driving !!

What is DSRC?

DSRC (Dedicated Short Range Communications) is a two-way short- to- medium-range wireless communications capability that permits very high data transmission critical in communications-based active safety applications. In Report and Order FCC-03-324, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) allocated 75 MHz of spectrum in the 5.9 GHz band for use by Intelligent Transportations Systems (ITS) vehicle safety and mobility applications.

Range – Up to 1000 m

Data Rate – 6 to 27 Mbps

Channels – 7 Licensed Channels

802.11p – aka Wireless Access for the Vehicular Environment (WAVE)

The U.S. DOT’s commitment to DSRC for active safety communications contributes to safer driving. Vehicle safety applications that use vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) and vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) communications need secure, wireless interface dependability in extreme weather conditions, and short time delays; all of which are facilitated by DSRC.

Who Can Use DSRC Manufacturer Technologies?

DSRC manufacturer technologies can be used by application developers, device manufacturers, and representatives from telecommunications, automotive and consumer electronics among other industries whose products are used to communicate and send alerts to infrastructure, vehicle, or traveler’s individual communication devices.

DSRC was developed with the following objectives:

  • Collision avoidance
  • Provides high reliability when needed
  • Provide safety message verification and privacy.
  • Prioritize safety applications
  • Warnings on blind spots
  • Do not pass warnings
  • Traffic data collection
  • Parking payment
  • Rail intersection warning
  • Safety inspection
  • Electronic toll collection
  • Unexpected decelerating
  • Synchronization of the adaptive cruise control
  • Rollover warning
  • Collision Warning
  • Incoming vehicle warning
  • Clearing commercial vehicles
  • In-vehicle display of road signs and billboards

How is DSRC being used?

It is anticipated that DSRC will be used for both vehicle-to-vehicle communications as well as vehicle-to-infrastructure communications. The spectrum is seen as particularly useful for V2x communications because it can support very low-latency, secure transmissions; fast network acquisition and in general, the ability to handle rapid and frequent handovers that are inherent in a vehicle environment; as well as being highly robust in adverse weather conditions. ITS (Intelligent Transportation Systems) also notes that it is tolerant of multi-path transmission.

Why was DSRC developed and to what benefit?

DSRC was developed with a primary goal of enabling technologies that support safety applications and communication between vehicle-based devices and infrastructure to reduce collisions. DSRC is the only short-range wireless alternative today that provides:

  • Designated licensed bandwidth: For secure, reliable communications to take place. It is primarily allocated for vehicle safety applications by FCC Report and Order FCC 03-324.
  • Fast Network Acquisition: Active safety applications require the immediate establishment of communication and frequent updates.
  • Low Latency: Active safety applications must recognize each other and transmit messages to each other in milliseconds without delay.
  • High Reliability when Required: Active safety applications require a high level of link reliability. DSRC works in high vehicle speed mobility conditions and delivers performance immune to extreme weather conditions (e.g. rain, fog, snow, etc.).
  • Priority for Safety Applications: Safety applications on DSRC are given priority over non-safety applications.
  • Interoperability: DSRC ensures interoperability, which is the key to successful deployment of      active safety applications, using widely accepted standards. It supports both V2V and V2I communications.
  • Security and Privacy: DSRC provides safety message authentication and privacy.

DRS Standards –

Standard No. Standard title.
EN 300 674-2-2 Transport and Traffic Telematics (TTT); Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC) transmission equipment (500 kbit/s / 250 kbit/s) operating in the 5 795 MHz to 5 815 MHz frequency band; Part 2: Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU; Sub-part 2: On-Board Units (OBU)
EN 300 674-2-1 Transport and Traffic Telematics (TTT); Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC) transmission equipment (500 kbit/s / 250 kbit/s) operating in the 5 795 MHz to 5 815 MHz frequency band; Part 2: Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the Directive 2014/53/EU; Sub-part 1: Road Side Units (RSU)
TS 102 792 Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS); Mitigation techniques to avoid interference between European CEN Dedicated Short Range Communication (CEN DSRC) equipment and Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) operating in the 5 GHz frequency range
ES 200 674-1 Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS); Road Transport and Traffic Telematics (RTTT); Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC); Part 1: Technical characteristics and test methods for High Data Rate (HDR) data transmission equipment operating in the 5,8 GHz Industrial, Scientific and Medical (ISM) band
TR 102 960 Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS); Mitigation techniques to avoid interference between European CEN Dedicated Short Range Communication (RTTT DSRC) equipment and Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) operating in the 5 GHz frequency range; Evaluation of mitigation methods and techniques
TS 102 792 Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS); Mitigation techniques to avoid interference between European CEN Dedicated Short Range Communication (CEN DSRC) equipment and Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) operating in the 5 GHz frequency range
ES 200 674-1 Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS); Road Transport and Traffic Telematics (RTTT); Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC); Part 1: Technical characteristics and test methods for High Data Rate (HDR) data transmission equipment operating in the 5,8 GHz Industrial, Scientific and Medical (ISM) band
TS 102 916-1 Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS); Test specifications for the methods to ensure coexistence of Cooperative ITS G5 with RTTT DSRC; Part 1: Protocol Implementation Conformance Statement (PICS)
TS 102 916-2 Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS); Test specifications for the methods to ensure coexistence of Cooperative ITS G5 with RTTT DSRC; Part 2: Test Suite Structure and Test Purposes (TSS&TP)
TS 102 916-3 Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS); Test specifications for the methods to ensure coexistence of Cooperative ITS G5 with RTTT DSRC; Part 3: Abstract Test Suite (ATS) and partial Protocol Implementation eXtra Information for Testing (PIXIT)
ES 200 674-1 Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS); Road Transport and Traffic Telematics (RTTT); Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC); Part 1: Technical characteristics and test methods for High Data Rate (HDR) data transmission equipment operating in the 5,8 GHz Industrial, Scientific and Medical (ISM) band
TS 102 486-1-3 Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS); Road Transport and Traffic Telematics (RTTT); Test specifications for Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC) transmission equipment; Part 1: DSRC data link layer: medium access and logical link control; Sub-Part 3: Abstract Test Suite (ATS) and partial PIXIT proforma
TR 102 654 Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Road Transport and Traffic Telematics (RTTT); Co-location and Co-existence Considerations regarding Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC) transmission equipment and Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) operating in the 5 GHz frequency range and other potential sources of interference
TS 102 486-1-2 Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS); Road Transport and Traffic Telematics (RTTT); Test specifications for Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC) transmission equipment; Part 1: DSRC data link layer: medium access and logical link control; Sub-Part 2: Test Suite Structure and Test Purposes (TSS&TP)
TS 102 486-1-3 Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS); Road Transport and Traffic Telematics (RTTT); Test specifications for Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC) transmission equipment; Part 1: DSRC data link layer: medium access and logical link control; Sub-Part 3: Abstract Test Suite (ATS) and partial PIXIT proforma
TS 102 486-2-1 Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS); Road Transport and Traffic Telematics (RTTT); Test specifications for Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC) transmission equipment; Part 2: DSRC application layer; Sub-Part 1: Protocol Implementation Conformance Statement (PICS) proforma specification
TS 102 486-2-2 Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) Road Transport and Traffic Telematics (RTTT); Test specifications for Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC) transmission equipment; Part 2: DSRC application layer; Sub-Part 2: Test Suite Structure and Test Purposes (TSS&TP)
TS 102 486-2-3 Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS); Road Transport and Traffic Telematics (RTTT); Test specifications for Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC) transmission equipment; Part 2: DSRC application layer; Sub-Part 3: Abstract Test Suite (ATS) and partial PIXIT proforma
EN 300 674-2-1 Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Road Transport and Traffic Telematics (RTTT); Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC) transmission equipment (500 kbit/s / 250 kbit/s) operating in the 5,8 GHz Industrial, Scientific and Medical (ISM) band; Part 2: Harmonized EN under article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive; Sub-part 1: Requirements for the Road Side Units (RSU)
EN 300 674-2-2

Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Road Transport and Traffic Telematics (RTTT); Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC) transmission equipment (500 kbit/s / 250 kbit/s) operating in the 5,8 GHz Industrial, Scientific and Medical (ISM) band; Part 2: Harmonized EN under article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive; Sub-part 2: Requirements for the On-Board Units (OBU)

 

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